Degrees in different fields didn’t begin until the thirteenth century, however the physician continued to be the one diploma supplied at most of the old universities until the 20th century. Therefore, in many of the southern European countries, including Portugal and Italy, lawyers have historically been addressed as “physician,” a apply, which was transferred to many international locations in South America and Macau. The term “physician” has since fallen into disuse, though it is still a legal title in Italy and in use in many countries outside of Europe. In most civil law nations, the federal government has traditionally exercised tight control over the legal profession in order to ensure a gentle supply of loyal judges and bureaucrats.
That is, attorneys had been expected firstly to serve the state, and the provision of counsel for private litigants was an afterthought. Brazil is an unusual exception in … Read More